Whether you’re seeking to install a road, driveway, or parking lot, long lasting pavement surfaces are smart property investments. A professional pavement installation process ensures the integrity of the project. The lowest cost for paving does not guarantee quality nor durability. Check out the complete step by step process, for a long lasting pavement installation below.
Step 1: Find A Reliable Pavement Installation Contractor
When searching for paving contractors that will do the job properly, you can filter your options by checking reviews online. This is probably the most important part of ensuring a durable pavement installation. Hiring a reliable paving contractor means you must budget properly for your project. Check your options and ask for testimonials, a fair price means you’re not overpaying nor underpaying your contractor.
Step 2: Remove Old Surface or Mill Asphalt
The right paving contractor will do a thorough inspection of the old surface to develop the best plan of action. Removing old asphalt, concrete, gravel or pavers is the most common step to start the long lasting pavement installation. Milling may be recommended for projects that only need to remove a portion of asphalt, this is defined during inspection.
When replacing a complete private road, driveway or parking lot it is best to remove the old surface entirely. Cleaning and clearing the surface of any debris is highly important before continuing the new installation.
Step 3: Ensure Proper Grading, Sloping & Drainage
This step of the pavement installation process requires extreme accuracy and care. Most reliable paving contractors will take this step seriously as proper drainage is key to the durability of your pavement surface. Water damage is common on pavement surfaces, therefore the emphasis on proper drainage. The grading and sloping of your new private road, driveway or parking area determines future saving on repairs.
Step 4: Focus On Compacting Soil & Other Surfaces
For this step of your long lasting pavement installation, your selected contractor will most likely use a drum roller. Professional machinery and implementation of this step ensures a compact roll of base soil. A sub-base properly compacted enhances pavement application and a stable surface.
Repair soft areas before continuing into next steps. There are various approaches to the repair of these comprising areas of your surface. These include undercutting, geo-grid, and plowing. Your reliable contractor focuses on ensuring comprising areas are fixed and the aggregate mix is also compact.
Step 5: Surfacing
5A: Use Crushed Rock To Cover Base & Let Settle
Crushed rock, or gravel, cover the base previously rolled and compacted. The thickness of the gravel or crushed rock varies depending on whether your sub-base is sandy or clay-based. Sandy sub-base will need approximately 4 inches of crushed rock, as clay-based will require approximately 8 inches.
Letting the crushed rock or gravel settle is optional, but nevertheless a recommended step by most contractors. Depending on the timeframe of the project the time designated to let the gravel settle may vary.
5B: Applying Binder Into New Long Lasting Pavement Surface
The binding and surfacing step of long lasting pavement installations consists of the application of aggregate mixed with oil. This application during the surfacing process enables a sturdy and long lasting surface. The integrity of your new pavement installation is highly dependent on the proper application of this step.
Step 6: Decide On Proper Asphalt Size & Thickness
The size and thickness of your new asphalt pavement installation varies on residential and commercial use. Most residential surfaces, such as driveways, endure less vehicle traffic and allow for thinner layer application. For private roads and commercial use, the thickness is fundamental for the durability of the surface. The size of the asphalt aggregate varies from ⅜ inch to ¾ inch.
Step 7: Roll New Asphalt Surface
After laying the asphalt there is another step to involve the drum roller. The professional roller compacts the asphalt previously installed. Long lasting pavement installations include a compact layer of aggregate. When hiring a reliable contractor, you must take into account their equipment. A quality roll guarantees a professional paving process.
Step 8: Long Lasting Pavement Edging & Curving
Following the application and rolling of new asphalt is the edging of new pavement surface. Just like rolling, this serves as a way of compacting the new pavement and enhancing the durability of it. Additionally, pavement edging is done in a multitude of ways, ask your contractor for possible options. There is conventional pavement edging as there is also edging that enhances durability and aesthetics.
Curving is part of the process that enables the protection of your new pavement surface. All pavement surfaces are shaped differently. Therefore, your long lasting pavement installation is dependent on the proper curving of your driveway, private road, or parking area. Curving the new pavement surface at the right angles enhances the flow of vehicle traffic and prevents future damage.
Step 9: Protect Your New Pavement Installation With Sealcoating
Sealcoating is also a vital step for the protection of your new pavement installation. Durable pavement is dependent on this step after the installation as well as a maintenance routine. For areas highly impacted by cold weather, we recommend you proactively sealcoat during the summer or fall seasons.
Step 10: Pavement Striping
Most commonly, pavement striping is used for commercial paving projects. Striping allows for optimized vehicle traffic as well as parking area markings. As this does not ensure the durability of your new pavement installation, it may be required by local laws for private roads.
Our team hopes you have found this article useful, as it is our intention to educate and serve as much as possible. Feel free to read more about property maintenance and construction in our educational blog.
Limitless Golden Construction Inc. is a highly rated for paving projects in Westchester and Putnam County. Check out our track record of success stories. If you’re in our service area and looking for professionals to install long lasting pavement, reach out to our service team today.